The Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) for the United States' manufacturing sector showed a significant increase, rising from 47.6 in August to 49.0 in September, according to the report released by the Institute for Supply Management (ISM). This performance surpassed experts' projections, which had anticipated a PMI of 47.8, indicating a recovery in the country's manufacturing activity.*
Within the report's details, the sub-index for costs experienced a decrease, dropping from 48.4 in August to 43.8 in September, while the sub-index for new orders exhibited growth, climbing from 46.8 in August to 49.2 in September. Furthermore, the production measurement advanced from 50.0 in August to 52.5 in September, indicating an expansion in industrial production.
The employment sector also saw improvements, with the employment sub-index rising from 48.5 in August to 51.2 in September. Lastly, the inventory sub-index increased from 44.0 in August to 45.8 in September, suggesting heightened business confidence.
These data reinforce the notion of a gradual recovery in the U.S. manufacturing sector, even amid persistent challenges such as price inflation.
Despite this positive news, the surprise of economic data exceeding expectations brings concerns to financial markets. Investors are wary of a potential acceleration in interest rates in the United States, which are already at elevated levels and could continue to rise. This could make fixed-income assets more attractive compared to higher-risk assets like stocks and cryptocurrencies.
In summary, while the U.S. Manufacturing PMI has exceeded forecasts and indicated an improvement in the industry, the implications for financial markets and riskier assets generate uncertainties, especially in a context of potential interest rate hikes.